Why did the British government agree to the partition of India?

Why did the British government agree to the partition of India?

The British, while not approving of a separate Muslim homeland, appreciated the simplicity of a single voice to speak on behalf of India’s Muslims. Britain had wanted India and its army to remain united to keep India in its system of ‘imperial defence’.

Why was India split into 2 countries India and Pakistan?

Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru represented the Hindu majority and wanted one united India. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who led the Muslim minority, thought the rifts created by colonization were too deep to repair. Jinnah argued for a two nation division where Muslims would have a homeland called Pakistan.

What was the official reason for the partition?

The reason given for the decision was that Bengal with a population of 78 million had become too big to be administered which was true to some extent, but the real motives behind the partition plan were the British desire to weaken Bengal, the nerve centre of Indian nationalism and divide the Muslims and Hindus on the …

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What were the official reasons for the partition?

Though the official reason forwarded by the British government was that Bengal was too big a political unit and needed to be partitioned in order to be administered efficiently, the real reason behind the partition was that the British government wanted to drive a wedge between the Hindus and Muslims in the Bengal …

What was the partition of India when and why did it take place?

The Partition of India in 1947 is one of the great forgotten tragedies of the 20th century. It occurred when India became independent from the British Empire and the territory was broken into India and Pakistan. It was decided that India needed to be separated because it had ended up as a massive, sprawling empire.

Who decided to split India and Pakistan?

the British
In August 1947, the British decided to end their 200-year long rule in the Indian subcontinent and to divide it into two separate nations, Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India.

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What was the main reason India was divided after independence?

The need for a partition of the new country came about as Hindus and Muslims in India were deeply divided and unwilling to coexist in the same nation. Specifically, the Muslim League did not want to accept Indian independence if it were to be governed by the Hindu-dominated Congress party.

When and by whom Bengal was partitioned and what was the real reason behind the partition of Bengal and explain the reaction of people towards partition of Bengal?

partition of Bengal, (1905), division of Bengal carried out by the British viceroy in India, Lord Curzon, despite strong Indian nationalist opposition. It began a transformation of the Indian National Congress from a middle-class pressure group into a nationwide mass movement.

What is the history of partition of India?

A part of India’s Land was forcibly detached or segregated from India with the consent of handful of people posing themselves as leader of the mass like Nehru ji , Jinnah and other congressmen and Muslim league leaders, leaving aside Mahatma Gandhi.

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Why was it decided to separate India from Pakistan?

Muslim-majority East Bengal initially formed part of Pakistan but later became Bangladesh. It was decided that India needed to be separated because it had ended up as a massive, sprawling empire. There was a precedent for such a move; both Burma (now Myanmar) and Sri Lanka had previously been separated from the Indian Empire.

Was partition good or bad for India?

Overall, Partition has been extremely good for Indians. It has enabled the country to break free of some tendencies which are antithetical to Indian civilisation and the democratic/constitutionalist strain in Indian thought.

What was the former British province of Punjab divided into?

The Partition of British India split the former British province of Punjab between the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan.