What did Aristotle mean by the theory of the golden mean?

What did Aristotle mean by the theory of the golden mean?

The basic principle of the golden mean, laid down by Aristotle 2,500 years ago is moderation, or striving for a balance between extremes. The golden mean focuses on the middle ground between two extremes, but as Aristotle suggests, the middle ground is usually closer to one extreme than the other.

What is the main idea of Confucianism?

The main idea of Confucianism is the importance of having a good moral character, which can then affect the world around that person through the idea of “cosmic harmony.” If the emperor has moral perfection, his rule will be peaceful and benevolent.

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What does Aristotle say about Eudaimonia?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

How do we become an excellent person according to Aristotle?

Not everyone will become excellent, but many of us have the possibility. All we need is the courage to accept our shortcomings and pursue what is virtuous. “Excellences we get by first exercising them, as also happens in the case of the arts as well.

How is Aristotle’s notion of the Golden Mean helpful in identifying the virtues in any situation?

The Golden mean is a vital facet of Aristotle’s’ virtue theory so it is important that it is understood and can be easily applied to any question. ​The virtues that surround Aristotle’s ethics are to be found within the Golden mean, which involves finding the balance between two means.

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How did Confucius believe that kings should behave?

Confucius taught that rulers had a sacred responsibility to rule virtuously. This meant ruling with self-discipline, attention to the ancient rituals, and putting the welfare and happiness of his subjects first. Ruling in this fashion, Confucius said, set an example of moral goodness for all others to follow.

What did Daoist believe?

The Dao, meaning “the way,” is an ancient Chinese belief system which emphasizes harmony with the natural, balanced order of the universe.

What is the difference between hedonic and Eudaimonic well-being?

Hedonic happiness is achieved through experiences of pleasure and enjoyment, while eudaimonic happiness is achieved through experiences of meaning and purpose. Both kinds of happiness are achieved and contribute to overall well-being in different ways.