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When did plesiosaur die out?

When did plesiosaur die out?

66 million years ago
Plesiosaurs thrived during the Jurassic and Cretaceous. Some evolved into the short-necked, large-headed pliosaurs, such as the enormous Predator X. They died out 66 million years ago, along with the dinosaurs.

Could dinosaurs still exist in the ocean?

There are no known aquatic dinosaurs. It would not be impossible for dinosaurs to evolve to live in water (though being air breathers they would not be able to live permanently deep underwater) just as whales evolved from mammals.

Can plesiosaurs walk on land?

The fossil’s abdominal cavity contains tiny bones—parts of a plesiosaur that hadn’t been born by the time its mother died. “Scientists have long known that the bodies of plesiosaurs were not well suited to climbing onto land and laying eggs in a nest [like dinosaurs].

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How long could a plesiosaur live?

If the Loch Ness monster is a plesiosaur, plesiosaurs would have to have survived for at least 65 million years. This could only happen if there was a substantial number of animals which would have formed a population large enough to avoid the problems of inbreeding.

Why is a plesiosaur not a dinosaur?

Plesiosaurs inhabited the seas from around 200 million to 65 million years ago. They were not dinosaurs, despite living at the same time as dinos. It is thought that plesiosaurs fed mainly on fish, breathed air and laid their eggs on beaches.

Where are plesiosaur fossils found?

Researchers discovered the fossils of the enormous plesiosaur on Antarctia’s Seymour Island (known as “Marambio” in Argentina) in 1989.

What is the oldest prehistoric animal alive today?

Horseshoe crabs are one of the oldest species on earth, having been around in more or less the same form since the Ordovician period, some 445 million years ago.

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How fast can a plesiosaur swim?

“Studies have shown an optimal swimming speed for plesiosaurs of about 0.4 m/s (1.44 km/h) to a maximum sustained speed of about 2.5 m/s (9 km/h) (like today’s dolphins), depending on joint movement of the limbs and specific species.

What is the difference between Plesiosauria and Plesiosauroidea?

“Plesiosauroidea” and “Pliosauroidea” today have a more limited meaning. The term “plesiosaur” is properly used to refer to the Plesiosauria as a whole, but informally it is sometimes meant to indicate only the long-necked forms, the old Plesiosauroidea.

What happened to plesiosaurs during the Jurassic period?

They became especially common during the Jurassic Period, thriving until their disappearance due to the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event at the end of the Cretaceous Period, about 66 million years ago. They had a worldwide oceanic distribution. Plesiosaurs were among the first fossil reptiles discovered.

How big was the largest plesiosaur ever discovered?

Recent discoveries. The specimen is actually a very large plesiosaur, possibly reaching 15 m (49 ft) in length. The media published exaggerated reports claiming it was 25 metres (82 ft) long, and weighed up to 150,000 kilograms (330,000 lb), which would have made it among the largest predators of all time.

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What are the main characteristics of a plecosaur?

Plesiosaurs showed two main morphological types. Some species, with the “plesiosauromorph” build, had (sometimes extremely) long necks and small heads; these were relatively slow and caught small sea animals.