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What Archimedes known for?

What Archimedes known for?

Archimedes, (born c. 287 bce, Syracuse, Sicily [Italy]—died 212/211 bce, Syracuse), the most famous mathematician and inventor in ancient Greece. Archimedes is especially important for his discovery of the relation between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cylinder.

How did Archimedes impact the world?

In the 3rd Century BC, Archimedes: invented the sciences of mechanics and hydrostatics. discovered the laws of levers and pulleys, which allow us to move heavy objects using small forces. invented one of the most fundamental concepts of physics – the center of gravity.

What is the story behind Archimedes Principle?

Archimedes has gone down in history as the guy who ran naked through the streets of Syracuse shouting “Eureka!” — or “I have it!” in Greek. The story behind that event was that Archimedes was charged with proving that a new crown made for Hieron, the king of Syracuse, was not pure gold as the goldsmith had claimed.

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What math did Archimedes discover?

Archimedes discovered fundamental theorems concerning the center of gravity of plane figures and solids. His most famous theorem gives the weight of a body immersed in a liquid, called Archimedes’ principal.

How would you describe Archimedes?

Archimedes’ principle states that the upward buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether fully or partially, is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces. Archimedes’ principle is a law of physics fundamental to fluid mechanics. It was formulated by Archimedes of Syracuse.

What did Archimedes major in?

He studied mathematics probably at the Museum in Alexandria. Archimedes made important contributions to the field of mathematics. Archimedes discovered fundamental theorems concerning the center of gravity of plane geometric shapes and solids. He is the founder of statics and of hydrostatics.

How is Archimedes math used today?

The Archimedes screw is still used today in various forms, such as plastic reforming machines, die casting machines, or injection molding machines. The fast rotating screws that help to pump water can also be used to generate electricity.

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How is Archimedes principle used in engineering?

Archimedes’ principle is very useful for calculating the volume of an object that does not have a regular shape. The oddly shaped object can be submerged, and the volume of the fluid displaced is equal to the volume of the object. Learn about how Archimedes’ principle is used in designing ships.

Who discovered the Archimedes Principle?

mathematician Archimedes
The principle of buoyancy was first discovered by Greek mathematician Archimedes (c. 287–212 b.c.) and is therefore often called Archimedes’ Principle. Legend has it that Archimedes was working on a problem given to him by the king of ancient Syracuse, Hieron II.

What is Archimedes principle class 11th?

Archimedes’ principle states that: “The upward buoyant force that is exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether partially or fully submerged, is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces and acts in the upward direction at the center of mass of the displaced fluid”.

How did Archimedes contribute to the development of Engineering?

A large part of Archimedes’ work in engineering arose from fulfilling the needs of his home city of Syracuse. The Greek writer Athenaeus of Naucratis described how King Hiero II commissioned Archimedes to design a huge ship, the Syracusia, which could be used for luxury travel, carrying supplies, and as a naval warship.

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Where did the Archimedes’ screw come from?

Interestingly, from the literary perspective, Greek writer Athenaeus of Naucratis had mentioned how the Archimedes’ Screw was built out of necessity to drain water from what was possibly the largest ship in the ancient world – Syracusia.

What was Archimedes’ most controversial invention?

( Public Domain ) The most controversial and arguably the most terrifying of Archimedes’ inventions was his famous heat or death ray. Sometimes referred to as “the burning mirror”, it was supposedly a device which used mirrors on the bluffs of Syracuse to focus sunlight onto wooden ships, causing them to burst into flames.

Who is the most famous engineer of all time?

Another engineering legend on our list has to be that of Leonardo da Vinci. Like Archimedes before him he had a great interest in many things including inventing, painting, sculpting, architecture, mathematics and engineering amongst others. Considered by many as the greatest painter of all time he is also legendary in his inventiveness.